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Child Health

Globally, pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria account for nearly one third of all deaths in children under the age of five. Well-established, low-cost interventions to prevent and treat these and other infectious diseases exist, but they are not reaching the children in need.  In developing countries, just one in three children with suspected pneumonia receive appropriate antibiotic treatment, and just two in every five children with diarrhea receive appropriate care. Children living in poor households or in hard to reach areas suffer a disproportionate share of this burden. At global level, the delivery of a targeted package of preventive and curative medicals such as the provision of antibiotics, oral rehydration therapy, and antimalarials could prevent nearly two-thirds of deaths due to these three diseases.

Save the Children's child health programs focus on empowering front line health workers to reach the most hard to reach.  We work with governments, civil society and communities to promote healthy behaviors, deliver lifesaving vaccines, and prevent and treat the three major childhood killers: pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria.  Save the Children’s integrated community case management programs train and equip community health workers to diagnose and treat these common childhood illnesses, and refer severe cases to facility-based providers.  We also improve immunization service delivery by supporting outreach services, increasing demand for immunization by mobilizing communities, training health workers and supplying essential cold chain equipment.

Photo: Tommy Trenchard / Save the Children

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